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What is Fundamental Analysis

Invest in Good Company

Earnings

Current Valuations of the Shares

Future Earnings Growth

Debit status of the Company

Company’s Announcements

The main important aim behind is to study and understand the company in which you are planning to invest your hard earned money and get excellent returns.

Generally hard core fundamental analysis is very and is out of the scope of this website, but if you are interested to learn then please contact us and we will provide you appropriate resources to study the same.

So that based on these terms he can at least decide whether to invest in this company or not.

How is the current demand for their products and how the demand will be in future like in next 3 to 5 years and so? (It is difficult to analyze the future demand yourself so you can visit financial websites or contact us)

It’s all about earnings. The bottom line is investors want to know how much money the company is making and how much it is going to make in the future.

To find the earning status ratios used are

EPS - Earning per share

Generally most of the investors invest at higher valuations of shares and when share prices start coming down then they keep worrying, so this should not happen.

Before investing one should check the current valuation of the share price and invest only when the share price is at right price and not at over priced share.

This is what happened in January 2008. Most of the people invested at very high valuations and later on the share prices started to correct (falling down).

To find the current valuation of the stock the ratios used are

PE ratio - Price to earning ratio

Book value

PB ratio - Price to book value ratio

**4. Future earnings growth -**

It is very important to analyze how the company is going to do in future. How will be its returns or its profits etc?

Basically most of the investors invest in shares taking into consideration Company’s future growth prospects.

To find the future growth of the stock the ratios used are

PEG ratio - Price to earning growth ratio

Current EPS and Forward EPS

Price to sales ratio

To find the current valuation of the stock the ratios used are

PE ratio - Price to earning ratio

Book value

PB ratio - Price to book value ratio

Basically most of the investors invest in shares taking into consideration Company’s future growth prospects.

To find the future growth of the stock the ratios used are

PEG ratio - Price to earning growth ratio

Current EPS and Forward EPS

Price to sales ratio

So in other words if the company is having fewer debits or no debit then they are having lots of cash in hand and they are free to take any decision in coming future.

To find the debit status of the company the ratios used are - Debit ratio

So to accomplish above parameters fundamental analyst follow certain ratios which are mentioned below.

EPS is calculated by taking the net earnings of the company and dividing it by the outstanding shares.

EPS = Net Earnings / Outstanding Shares

(Nowadays you will get this ready made, no need for you to do calculation.)

For example -

If Company A had earnings of RS 1000 crores and 100 shares outstanding, then its EPS becomes 10 (RS 1000 / 100 = 10).

Second example -

If Company B had earnings of RS 1000 crores and 500 shares outstanding, then its EPS becomes 2 (RS 1000 / 500 = 50).

So what is that you have to look in EPS of the company?

Answer - You should look for high EPS stocks and the higher the better is the stock.

Note - You should compare the EPS from one company to another, which are in the same industry/sector and not from one company from Auto sector and another company from IT sector.

Before we move on, you should note that there are three types of EPS numbers:

**Trailing EPS - **Trailing EPS means last year’s EPS which is considered as actual and for ongoing current year.

**Current EPS -** Current EPS means which is still under projections and going to come on financial year end.

**Forward EPS - **Forward EPS which is again under projections and going to come on next financial year end

But the EPS alone doesn’t tell you the whole story of the company so for this information, we need to look at some more ratios as following.

It’s not advisable to make your investment decisions based on only single ratio analysis.

EPS is the base for calculating PE ratio.

But the EPS alone doesn’t tell you the whole story of the company so for this information, we need to look at some more ratios as following.

It’s not advisable to make your investment decisions based on only single ratio analysis.

EPS is the base for calculating PE ratio.

When the company declares low earnings then the market may see bearishness in the stock price and hence its share price starts deceasing and corrects further if the company doesn’t provide any sufficient justification for low earnings.

Every quarter, companies report its earnings. There are 4 quarters.

Quarter 1 - (April to June and earnings will be declared in July)

Quarter 2 - (July to Sept and earnings will be declared in Oct)

Quarter 3 - (Oct to Dec and earnings will be declared in Jan)

Quarter 4/final - Also called as financial year end - (Jan to Mar and earnings will be declared in April)

Now by this time you would have understood how earnings are important for a stock price to move up or down. But depending only on earnings one should not make investment or trading decision. To make decision more risk free you should look into more tools as mentioned below so that your investment decision becomes more solid and you should get excellent returns in future.

Conclusion - Keep a close watch on quarterly earnings and trade or invest accordingly or manipulate your investing.

Following are the most popular and important tools/ratios to find excellent growth stocks which focuses on earning, growth, and value of the company’s.

To make you understand more easily we have explained in very simple steps.

PE ratio is again one of the most important ratio on which most of the traders and investors keep watch.

Important - The PE ratio tells you whether the stock’s price is high or low compared to its forward earnings.

The high P/E suggests that investors are expecting higher earnings growth in the future compared to companies with a lower P/E. This generally happen in bull market and share price keeps on increasing. Basically in bull market share prices keep increasing without giving more importance to its current valuation and once market realizes that it is over priced then they start selling.

In bear market the low PE stocks having high growth prospects are selected as best investment options.

But, the P/E ratio doesn't tell us the whole story of the company.

Generally the P/E ratios are compared of one company to other companies in the same sector/industry and not in other industry before selecting any particular share.

The PE ratio is calculated by taking the share price and dividing it by the companies EPS.

That is

PE = Stock Price / EPS

For example

A company with a share price of RS 40 and an EPS of 8 would have a PE ratio of 5

(RS 40 / 8 = 5).

The higher the P/E the more the market is willing to pay for the companies earning.

Some investors say that a high P/E ratio means the stock is over priced on the other side it also indicates the market has high hopes for such company’s future growth and due to which market is ready to pay high price.

On the other side, a low P/E of high growth stocks may indicate that the market has ignored these stocks which are also known as value stocks. Many investors try finding low P/E ratios stocks of high value growth companies and make investments in such stocks which may prove real diamonds in future.

At all if you would like to do PE ratio comparison then it has to be done in same sectors/industry stocks and not like one stock from banking sector and other stock from pharmacy sector.

So now you would have come to know how to choose stocks based on PE ratio.

Book value is the total value of the company's assets that shareholders would theoretically receive if a company were liquidated (closed).

By being compared to the company's market value, the book value can indicate whether a stock is under priced or overpriced.

So in other words if the share price is trading below its book value then it is considered as under priced and good for value investing.

Price to Book Ratio - PB ratio

Basically PB ratio is mostly utilized by smart investors to find real wealth in shares, so investing in stocks having low PB ratio is to identify potential shares for future growth.

A lower P/B ratio could mean that the stock is undervalued.

Like the PE, the lower the PB, the better the value of the stock for future growth.

Some of the investors become quite wealthy by holding stocks for the long term of such companies whose growth is based on their businesses instead of market and one day when every one notices this stock the value investor’s pockets are full of profit.

PB ratio is calculated as

PB ratio = Share Price / Book Value per Share.

Generally, if the ratio comes below 1 then it is considered as value investing. But this doesn’t mean that the ratio coming to 1.2 or 1.5 is not value investing. It also depends on its future growth prospects.

Projected Earning Growth ratio - PEG ratio

Because the market is usually more concerned about the future than the present, it is always looking for companies projected plans, financial ratios, and other future announcements.

The use of PEG ratio will help you look at future earnings growth of the company.

PEG is a widely used indicator of a stock's potential value.

Similar to the P/E ratio, a lower PEG means that the stock is more undervalued.

To calculate the PEG the P/E is divided by the projected growth in earnings.

That is PEG = P/E / (projected growth in earnings)

For example -

A stock with a P/E of 30 and projected earning growth for next year is 15% then that stock would have a PEG of 2 (30 / 15 = 2).

In above example what does the “2” mean?

Lower the PEG ratio the less you pay for each unit in future earning growth. So the conclusion is you can invest in high P/E stocks but the projected earning growth should be high so that companies can provide good returns.

Looking at the opposite situation; a low P/E stock with low or no projected earnings growth is not going to give you good returns in future because its PE is low means investors are not ready to pay high and its PEG is also low because companies do not have any good future growth or expansion plans so investment in such stocks could prove less or no returns.

It relies on projections, which may not always be accurate.

It’s forward earning estimation which market analyst or company calculates.

Following two ratios are again the projection or estimation done by either market analyst or by company resources.

Current EPS - Current EPS means which is still under projections and going to come on financial year end.

Forward EPS - Forward EPS which is again under projections and going to come on next financial year end.

Answer is Not necessarily, because such companies may be new and trying to grow and expand but you should approach such companies with precaution.

The Price to Sales (P/S) ratio looks at the current stock price relative to the total sales per share.

You can calculate the P/S by dividing the market cap of the company by the total revenues of the company.

You can also calculate the P/S by dividing the current stock price by the sales per share.

That is

P/S = Market Cap / Revenues

or

P/S = Stock Price / Sales Price per Share

Conclusion - To find under valued stocks you can look for low P/S ratios.

The lower the P/S ratio the better is the value of the company.

The higher the ratio the more risk for company to manage going forward. So look for company’s having low debit ratio.

Generally it is considered that debit ratio less then 1is good investment option. But even some investor considers higher debit ratio provided the company is having good growth prospects.

If company has fewer debits then company can make more profit instead paying for its debits like interests rates, loans etc.

This measurement tells you what percentage return a companies pays out to shareholders in the form of dividends. Older, well-established companies tend to payout a higher percentage then do younger companies and their dividend history can be more consistent.

You calculate the Dividend Yield by taking the annual dividend per share and divide by the stock’s price.

That is

Dividend Yield = annual dividend per share / stock's price per share

For example

If a company’s annual dividend is RS 1.50 and the stock trades at RS 25, the Dividend Yield is 6%. (RS 1.50 / RS 25 = 0.06).

After making use of above all tools you will get excellent stocks which will give you excellent returns in mid term to long term.

You will find all these ratios in any financial website or you can contact us.

Final and last - very important

Check out company’s PAT (profit after tax) of every quarterly if you are short term to mid term trader and if you are long term investor then check out its yearly PAT. The company should have posted consistent growth.

If you need any further clarification on any terms mentioned above then you can Contact us